Abstract

Although EPO/EPOR/JAK2 actions have been intensely studied, the majority of investigations to date have relied heavily upon conventional approaches, extant reagents and murine cell models. We therefore hypothesized that important EPOR/JAK2 targets consequently remain undiscovered, and by applying (phospho)proteomic based interrogations, have uncovered intriguing sets of new candidate mediators of EPO’s effects on human erythroid progenitor cells. Specifically, following [-] vs [+] EPO challenge, total cellular tryptic or Glu-C peptides were generated, and those post-translationally modified (PTM) due to EPO at phosphotyrosine residues (p-Y), p-TPP motifs, and MAPK plus ATK signaling nodes were isolated, and identified by duplicate tandem LC-MS/MS. EPO targets furthermore were confirmed via parallel analyses using an EPOR agonist. Known EPO/EPOR/JAK2 targets first were validated (eg., JAK2, STAT5, GAB1-3, SHIP1-3, PLCgamma, p85alpha-PI3K, LNK, SHC1, SPRY1) (and further defined with regards to specific isoforms, plus known vs novel sites of EPO-induced PTM). Beyond this, newly discovered EPO/EPOR/JAK2 regulated targets included those within the following five categories: 1] Cytoskeletal targets unexpectedly as erythroid alpha and beta spectrins (pY2332, pY15) together with pY modulation of Beta-Adducin at a calmodulin binding site (plus EPO-regulated PTM of Calmodulin per se); 2] Select EPO- regulated transcription factors, including 100-fold p-Y modulation of KLF5 at a novel transcriptional activation motif; 3] EPO/EPOR/JAK2 modulation of two new protein tyrosine phosphatase targets as PTPN18 and PTPN7; 4] Rapid EPO-induction of a notable number of novel upstream molecular adaptors including C1ORF186/”RHEX”, C1ORF150, DOK1, IRS2, SH2D2A, STAM2, SPRY2,4, DLG1,3, FRS2, AMOTL1, RAI14, CTNND1, EPS15, HGS, ITSN2, and WASL – with two novel ORF factors as C1ORF186/RHEX and C1ORF150 as prime targets in human erythroid progenitors, but absent from rat, mouse, and lower vertebrate genomes. [For C1ORF186/RHEX, select cell and molecular biological properties will be summarized]. And 5] highlighted additional novel targets (eg, transporters, metabolic regulators) that, together with the above, further emphasize a previously underestimated sophistication of EPOR/JAK2 signal transduction circuits, certain of which are proposed to be central to EPO and ESA effects on anemia (and potentially, hypertensive side-effects).

Disclosures

No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.