Abstract

Abstract 3509

Mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and 2 (IDH2) genes are present in ∼16% of acute myeloid leukemia, and cause a neomorphic enzyme activity that results in the production of 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). Mutational and epigenetic profiling of a large patient cohort of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has revealed that IDH1/2-mutant AMLs display global DNA hypermethylation and an impaired hematopoietic differentiation. To further investigate the intrinsic effect of 2HG on hematopoietic proliferation and differentiation, we transfected an erythroleukemia cell line (TF-1) with either IDH1 or IDH2 mutant alleles. These cells overexpress the mutant enzyme, have high levels of 2HG, and exhibit GM-CSF independent growth. Consistent with clinical observations, overexpression of the IDH mutant proteins led to hypermethylation of both histones and DNA. These results suggest that mutations in IDH1/2 could lead to epigenetic rewiring of cells that could facilitate the gain of function phenotype. To gain a broader understanding of the biological consequence of the IDH1/2 gain of function mutations we have generated small molecules that are capable of selectively inhibiting IDHm enzymes. Upon compound treatment in vitro, we are able to reverse hypermethylation of both histones and DNA in Idhm expressing cells. These compounds are also suitable for use in vivo and upon compound treatment are able to lower 2HG by >90% in tumor xenograft models. These data suggest that an inhibitor of IDH1/2 mutations could correct the altered gene expression patterns seen in IDH1/2 mutant AML tumors and potentially lead to a profound effect on hematopoietic differentiation, proliferation and tumor growth.

Disclosures:

Yen:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Wang:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Schalm:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Hansen:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Straley:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment. Kernytsky:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Choe:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Liu:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Popovici-Muller:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Travins:Agios pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Yang:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Silverman:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Gross:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Dang:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Salituro:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Equity Ownership. Saunders:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Consultancy, Equity Ownership. Dorsch:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Agresta:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment. Schenkein:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Su:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership. Biller:Agios Pharmaceuticals: Employment, Equity Ownership.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.