Abstract

Abstract 2626

In Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) a minority (<1%) of tumor cells is found in a reactive background. The tumor cells shape their environment by the production of several chemokines and cytokines. Production of the chemokine TARC will lead to the attraction of Th2 and Treg cells specifically to involved lymph nodes. Although Treg and Th2 cells are prominent in the infiltrate the expression of its receptor CCR4 is not very high in lymphocytes surrounding the tumor cells. We hypothesized that this is due to internalization of the receptor. We analyzed in which specific compartment of lymphocytes CCR4 is expressed and if CCR4 expression can be recovered when TARC and MDC levels are low.

We analyzed 11 lymph node suspensions involved with HL and 11 with follicular hyperplasia (RLN) for expression of CD4, CD26, FoxP3 and CCR4 at t=0 and t=24 hours. We tested the effect of TARC and MDC on CCR4 expression and the mechanism of internalization on normal PBMCs.

At t=0 the CD4+ T cell compartment was significantly lower for CD26 in HL (49% vs 68% in RLN, p<0.01) (Table 1). In the comparison between CD26+ and CD26- cells no difference was seen in CCR4 expression in HL but in RLN CCR4 in CD26- cells was significantly lower than in CD26+ cells (p<0.01).Recovery of CCR4 (in average %) after 24 hours was significantly lower in CD26+ cells and FoxP3+ cells in RLN (p<0.01 and p<0.001). Recovery of CCR4 as factor change is significantly higher in HL than in RLN for CCR4 as well as the 3 subpopulations (Table 2). Generally, internalization of CCR4 on lymphocytes is higher with MDC (54 to 90% internalization with 10 and 500ng/ml MDC) than TARC (28 to 48% with 10 and 1000ng/ml TARC) after 2 hours. Internalization occurs through the lipid raft/caveolae dependent pathway as filipin III could inhibit internalization completely and not by clathrin-mediated endocytosis since no effect of inhibition by sucrose was seen. Recovery of CCR4 back on the membrane is fast and by exocytosis since it can be disrupted by exocytosis inhibitor Brefeldin A.

Table 1:

Percentages subpopulations CD4+ T cells in Hodgkin lymphoma and reactive lymph node by flowcytometry on cell suspensions

 HL RLN p 
CD26 49 68 <0.01 
CCR4 41 37 ns 
FoxP3 4.4 1.8 ns 
CCR4/CD26+ 19 25 ns 
CCR4/CD26- 22 12 ns 
CCR4/FoxP3+ 55 60 ns 
 HL RLN p 
CD26 49 68 <0.01 
CCR4 41 37 ns 
FoxP3 4.4 1.8 ns 
CCR4/CD26+ 19 25 ns 
CCR4/CD26- 22 12 ns 
CCR4/FoxP3+ 55 60 ns 
Table 2:

Factor of CCR4 recovery after 24 hours in CD4+ subpopulations in Hodgkin lymphoma and reactive lymph node cell suspensions

 HL RLN p 
CCR4 1.7 0.9 <0.05 
CCR4 in CD26+ 1.3 0.8 <0.05 
CCR4 in CD26- 2.9 1.1 <0.05 
CCR4 in FoxP3+ 1.6 0.8 <0.05 
 HL RLN p 
CCR4 1.7 0.9 <0.05 
CCR4 in CD26+ 1.3 0.8 <0.05 
CCR4 in CD26- 2.9 1.1 <0.05 
CCR4 in FoxP3+ 1.6 0.8 <0.05 

In conclusion, CD26 expression is significantly lower in HL than RLN. CCR4 expression is equally divided over CD26+ and CD26- cells in HL, but in RLN less is found in CD26-. Recovery of CCR4 expression after culture for 24 hours is lower in RLN than in HL. More CCR4 is recovered in HL especially in the CD26- CD4+ T cell population that is surrounding the tumor cells in HL.

Disclosures:

No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.