The objective of this paper is to study the biocompatibility and security of self-prepared magnetic nanoparticles Fe3O4 (Fe3O4-MNPs) loaded with daunorubicin (DNR), which has the potential application in hematologic malignancies therapy. Hemolysis test was carried out to estimate it s blood toxicity; Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR were intra peritoneally injected into mouse to calculate the LD50; micronucleus (MN) assay was reckoned to identify its genotoxicity; acute toxicity testing was evaluated its influence to mouse hepatic and renal functions. The result of hemolysis rate (HR) of Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR was 2.908%, far less than 5%. Therefore, we concluded that self-prepated Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR nanoparticles had no hemolytic reaction, and they consistent with the requirement of hemolytic test of biomaterials. The LD50 of Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR nanoparticles to the mice was 1009.71mg/kg (relative content of DNR was 10mg/kg) and the 95% confidence interval was 769.11∼1262.40mg/kg, it had no significant difference compared with LD50 of using DNR only, which data was 8.51mg/kg and the 95% confidence interval was 6.48∼10.37mg/kg, and it had wide safety value circumscription. In micronucleus assay, compared Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR nanoparticles experimental groups with negative control group, we found that the result had no significant difference (P > 0. 05) in micronucleus formation rate, while compared experimental groups with positive control group, the result had significant difference (P < 0. 05). The result indicated that Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles had no cacogenesis and mutagenesis. Acute toxicity testing showed that mice body weigh of control group, Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR nanoparticles experimental group and isodose DNR group had no significant difference in 24h, 48h, and 72h after intra peritoneally injection; they had normal activity, eating and evacuation; toxic reactions such as instability of gait, convulsion, paralysis and respiratory depression were not been found; the alanine transarninase (ALT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine clearance rate (CCr) of Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR nanoparticles experimental group was 66.0±28.55u/L, 9.06±1.05mmol/L, and 18.03±1.84umol/L, respectively, which had no significant difference compared with control group and isodose DNR group. From the results of our experiment, we could consider that self-prepared Fe3O4-MNPs loaded with DNR nanoparticles is a kind of high biocompatibility and security materials and perhaps is suitable for further application in hematologic malignancies therapy.
No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.