Abstract

Abstract 3088

Background:

Despite the use of modern immunochemotherapy (R-CHOP) regimens, almost 50% of patients with diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) will relapse. Current prognostic models, most notably the International Prognostic Index, are comprised of patient and tumor characteristics and are unable to identify patients with less than a 50% chance of long-term survival. However, recent observations demonstrate that factors related to host adaptive immunity and the tumor microenvironment are powerful prognostic variables in non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Methods:

We retrospectively examined the absolute neutrophil count (ANC), monocyte count (AMC) and lymphocyte count (ALC), obtained from an automated complete blood count with differential, as prognostic variables in a cohort of 255 consecutive DLBCL patients that were uniformly treated with R-CHOP between 2000 and 2007 at a single institution. The primary study objective was to assess if ANC, AMC, and ALC at diagnosis were predictors of overall survival (OS) in DLBCL.

Results:

At diagnosis, the median ANC was 4720/uL (range 1190–17690), the median AMC was 610/uL (range 30–4040), and the median ALC was 1220/uL (range 140–5410). The median follow-up for these patients was 48 months. In the univariate analysis, each of these variables predicted OS as continuous variables. As dichotomized variables, an elevated ANC (≥5500/μL; hazard ratio 1.75, 95% confidence interval 1.14–2.60, p=0.01) and AMC (≥610/μL; hazard ratio 3.36, 95% confidence interval 2.10–5.59, p<0.0001) were each associated with inferior OS. In contrast, the presence of lymphopenia, defined as an ALC ≤1000/uL, was associated with inferior OS (hazard ratio 2.21, 95% confidence interval 1.43–3.39, p=0.0004). When components of the IPI were included on multivariate analysis only the AMC and ALC were independently significant prognostic factors for OS, with hazard ratios of 3.37 (95% confidence interval 2.05–5.74, p<0.0001) and 2.19 (95% confidence interval 1.38–3.44, p=0.0009), respectively. The dichotomized AMC and ALC generated the AMC/ALC prognostic index (PI) and stratified patients into 3 risk groups: very good (AMC <610/uL and ALC >1000/uL), good (AMC ≥610/uL or ALC ≤1000/uL), and poor-risk (AMC ≥610/uL and ALC ≤1000/uL) populations. For both the very good (n=79) and good-risk (n=134) groups median OS has not been reached with estimated 5-year overall survival of 88% and 69%, respectively. Median OS for poor-risk (n=42) patients was 1.7 years (95% confidence interval 1.1–2.7 years) with an estimated 5-year overall survival of 28% (p<0.0001). By comparison, the R-IPI was unable to identify a group of patients with a median survival less than 8 years. The estimated 5-year OS was 93%, 71% and 53% for very good, good and poor-risk patients, respectively. We sought to determine whether the AMC/ALC PI may provide additional prognostic information when combined with the R-IPI. To test this possibility, the 171 very good/good risk and 84 poor risk patients identified by the R-IPI were subsequently risk stratified using the AMC/ALC PI. Among R-IPI very good/good risk patients a subset of poor risk patients (n=21) with a median OS of 2.2 years (95% confidence interval 1.1–6.6 years) and 35% 5-year OS could be identified with the AMC/ALC PI. In contrast, 5-year OS ranged from 75%-88% among very good and good risk patients. Similarly, stratification of R-IPI poor risk patients by the AMC/ALC PI identified subsets of very good (n=19) and good risk (n=44) patients with median OS that had not been reached and 86% and 55% 5-year OS, respectively. High risk (n=21) patients had a median OS of 1.4 years (95% confidence interval 0.9–2.2 years) and an estimated 5-year OS of less than 25%.

Conclusions:

Measurement of AMC and ALC at diagnosis is widely applicable, cost effective, predicts OS, and identifies high-risk patients with DLBCL.

Disclosures:

No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.

Author notes

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Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.