Poster Board III-513
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme α-galactosidase A (α-gal A). The inability to prevent the progression of galactosylsphingolipid deposition, such as globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), has a significant impact on quality of life and diminishes lifespan from early-onset strokes, progressive renal failure, and heart attacks. Previously, we have demonstrated that gene transfer into murine hematopoietic cells can correct the defect systemically in Fabry mice. The goal of the present study is to create a pure Fabry/NOD/SCID murine line to facilitate the in vivo assessment of human cell-targeted therapies against the disease. The pure line was generated by a “speed congenic” breeding program. The parental generation (F0) was represented by a C3H+C57BL/6 Fabry female mouse (α-gal A−/− scid+/+) and a NOD/SCID male mouse (α-gal A+/0 scid−/−). To generate the α-gal A-/+ scid−/− female mice (F2), the double heterozygous female mice from F1 were mated with NOD/SCID male mice. F3 and all the subsequent generations (until F11) were derived by backcrossing α-gal A-/+ scid−/− female mice with α-gal A+/0 scid−/− male mice. At this point, genome scanning analysis, fluorometric enzymatic assays, and HPLC assessment revealed that the F11 purity was higher than 99%; α-gal A activity was reduced significantly in plasma and Gb3 levels were increased considerably in heart, liver, spleen, kidney and lung, in comparison to NOD/SCID control mice. With the aim of obtaining the pure Fabry/NOD/SCID line, F11 mice were crossed with each other (α-gal A-/+ scid−/− female mice with α-gal A-/0 scid−/− male mice) and then F12 double homozygous female mice (α-gal A−/− scid−/−) were crossed with F12 hemizygous (α-gal A-/0 scid−/−) male mice. For each generation, the genotype of offspring was analyzed by PCR and the absence of T and B cells was confirmed phenotypically by flow cytometry. Currently, this new xenograft model is being validated by using hematopoietic cell targets. To this end, normal human mobilized CD34+ cells were separately transduced with a control (eGFP lentivector) or a bicistronic lentiviral vector encoding the human α-gal A and the human CD25 cell surface marker. 8×105 cells were injected intravenously into sub-lethally irradiated 8-week-old pure Fabry/NOD/SCID male mice. Injected cells were 25% positive for eGFP and 34% positive for human CD25 expression, respectively. Presence of human CD45+ cells, CD45+/CD25+ cells, CD45+/eGFP+ cells and α-gal A activity will be regularly monitored on peripheral blood or plasma, respectively. Near future studies will include Gb3 quantification in tissues at sacrifice and secondary recipient transplantation. As well, Fabry patient bone marrow cells are currently being collected under an approved protocol for testing in this model. In conclusion, this novel xenograft Fabry model is a key tool for developing different therapies for Fabry Disease and will help us to reduce the gap between the bench and the clinic.
No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.