Poster Board III-483
CD34+ cells from diabetic patients demonstrate reduced vascular reparative function due to decreased proliferation as well as diminished migration prowess which is largely due to lower levels of bioavailable nitric oxide (NO). We asked whether a transient TGF-β1 blockade in CD34+ cells from diabetics would improve their reparative ability given that TGF-β is a key factor modulating stem cell quiescence. Peripheral blood lin-CD34+ cells or lin-CD34+CD38+/− cells were treated ex vivo with antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers (TGF-β1 -PMO), demonstrated to inhibit TGF-β1 protein expression in stem cells. Cells were then analyzed for cell surface TGF-β Receptor 2 (TGF-β R2) and CXCR4 expression, their ability to generate NO, their ability to migrate toward SDF-1, their ability to survive in the absence of added growth factors, and tested in vivo for their vascular reparative ability. After TGF-β1-PMO treatment, healthy and diabetic CD34+CD38+ and - cells downregulated TGF-βR2, upregulated CXCR4 expression, survived in the absence of added growth factors ex vivo and migrated more efficiently to SDF-1 compared to controls. TGF-β1-PMO treated diabetic CD34+ cells restored NO production to non-diabetic levels. In contrast, TGF-β1-PMO did not enhance NO generation in CD34+ cells from healthy subjects. Using an in vivo retinal ischemia reperfusion model, we observed that TGF-β1-PMO treatment increased the ability of both healthy and diabetic CD34+ cells to home to injured capillaries compared to control PMO treated cells. As also observed in our current study, a reduction of TGF-β1 levels in murine hematopoietic stem cells correlates with a reduction in TGF-βR2 expression which may induce proliferation in vivo. We also show that both diabetic and healthy lin-CD34+CD38+ cells express TGF-βR2 by FACS. In contrast, only healthy lin-CD34+CD38- cells expressTGF-βR2 while diabetic lin-CD34+CD38 - cells express essentially no cell surface TGF-βR2 (<5 % of cells are TGF-βR2+). Our results suggest that a transient blockade of TGF-β1 may represent a promising therapeutic strategy in restoring vascular reparative function in diabetic CD34+ cells.
Bartelmez:BetaStem Therapeutics: Employment, Equity Ownership, Head, SRB, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties, Research Funding. Iversen:AVI-Biopharma: Employment, Equity Ownership, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Patents & Royalties, Research Funding.
Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.