Poster Board I-696
The standard management for early stage Hodgkin's disease (HD) is combined modality therapy. In the G4 protocol, patients (pts) with non-bulky, supra-diaphragmatic stage I-IIA disease received 8 weeks of Stanford V chemotherapy + 30 Gy involved field radiotherapy (IFRT).
87 pts were enrolled and treated between 4/1996 and 4/2001. Median age was 30 years (16-59) and stages were IA (n=23), IIA (n=64). Unfavorable risk factors were present in 47 patients (54%) according to German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG) criteria (> 2 AA sites, ESR > 50 or EN involvement) and 38 (44%) according to EORTC criteria (> 3 AA sites, ESR > 50). Therapy was well tolerated with grade 3-4 non-hematologic toxic events in 7 % of pts. These included constipation (n=3), peripheral neuropathy (n=1), generalized weakness (n=2), chest pain (n=1), mylagias (n=1), abdominal pain (n=1) and an allergic reaction to etoposide (n=1). 42 patients received cytokine support for grade 3-4 neutropenia however only 2 pts developed fever with neutropenia. No cases of clinical bleomycin toxicity or radiation pneumonitis were observed. At a median follow-up of 9 (2-12) years, freedom from progression (FFP) and survival (OS) are 94% and 96% respectively. FFP was 100% for favorable and 89% for unfavorable patients by GHSG criteria (p=0.04) with no differences in OS (96.9% versus 95.7%). All relapses (n=5) occurred in the RT field: limited in 2 patients and combined with distant disease in 3 pts. All relapses were in “unfavorable” risk patients: 5 per GHSG and 4 per EORTC criteria. Secondary therapy included chemotherapy followed by high dose therapy and stem cell support (n=3) and ABVD (n=2). Three pts died, 2 due to disease progression after second-line therapy and one due to metastatic colon cancer. 5 patients developed a second cancer (2 breast, 2 melanomas at unirradiated sites and 1 colon cancer). The cases of breast cancer were considered unrelated to RT as both occurred within 5-years of therapy in women who were > 30 yrs at time of treatment. No secondary AML and no late cardiac or pulmonary toxicities have been observed.
In conclusion, for pts with non-bulky stage I/II A HD, abbreviated Stanford V with 8 weeks of chemotherapy and 30 Gy IFRT is a safe and highly effective regimen. It is still too early to assess potential RT-related complications. Our outcomes in “unfavorable” stage I-IIA patients without bulky or symptomatic disease compare favorably with more intensive or prolonged regimens employed by the GHSG and EORTC.
No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.