Poster Board I-282
We describe the clinical-biological features of 63 cases of variant B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (v-B-CLL), characterized by a mantle cell lymphoma-like immunophenotype, atypical cytomorphology in absence of t(11;14)(q13;q32) in FISH analysis. A historical series of 130 B-CLL was used as comparison. The v-B-CLL were significantly different from the B-CLL in terms of the following clinico-hematological variables: age <70 yrs (p <.001), lymphocytosis <20 × 109/ (p <.001), lymphocyte doubling time < 12 months (p = .02), high serum β2-microglobulin levels (p <.001), and splenomegaly (p = .002). Considering immunophenotipic features, CD38 and CD49d expression were significantly more expressed in v-B-CLL than B-CLL (p <.001); whereas, no statistical difference was observed for ZAP-70 reactivity. Considering the IgVH mutation status, there were more patients mutated in the v-B-CLL group than in the B-CLL group (p = .001). Other significant differences were found about the frequency of the recurrent chromosome alterations, evaluated by means of FISH analysis: trisomy 12 was more frequent in v-B-CLL ( p<.001), while del13q14, considered as a single alteration, was more frequent in B-CLL (p=.008). Gene expression profiling of a panel of 9 v-B-CLL compared with 60 B-CLL samples indicated that the variant group is characterized by a specific molecular pattern of gene expression. In particular we observed the upregulation of tumor protein D52 (TPD52), and that of 6 genes (AFF1, GMPS, PICALM, JUN, REL, RAC2) known to be protooncogenes. Furthermore, we found that upregulated genes with apoptosis related functions (IL-7, HSP90B1, NOTCH2, BECN1, ANXA4, MCL1) are all negative regulators of apoptosis. Microarray analysis revealed that various genes (TRIM38, EEF1D, CASP1, MALT1, RHOH0) involved in the I-kB kinase/NF-kB cascade of the canonical NF-kB signaling pathway, are furtherly upregulated in v-B-CLL. Furthermore, among the genes found differentially expressed in SAM analysis, we observed also the upregulation of CD1c (according to the surface expression of this antigen), OSBPL3 and ITGA4.
After a median follow-up of 55 months (range 4-196) and 60 months (range 6-180), 25/42 (59%) v-CLL and 55/93 (59 %) CLL pts were treated. TTT was significant different between 2 groups when the IgVH mutational status was considered (p= .006). Median OS of v-CLL subset was 112 months vs 171 months of CLL subset. When the IgVH mutational status was considered, mutated cases showed a worse OS even if a statistical difference was not observed (p= 0.062).
In conclusion, our study identifies, on the basis of a defined CFM-FISH diagnostic approach, a variant form of B-CLL that shows peculiar biological and clinical features that should be considered in the future clinical and prognostic studies. The inclusion of this form in B-CLL study could alter the interpretation of results, especially related to biological markers.
No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Asterisk with author names denotes non-ASH members.