INTRODUCTION: Thalidomide (Thalomid®/Thalidomide Pharmion®) combined with melphalan and prednisone (MPT) yields improved progression-free and overall survival compared to MP alone (
METHODS: A Markov model was developed to determine cost and health outcomes for a cohort of patients receiving a course of MPT or MP. The disease course was conceptualized by 4 mutually exclusive health states: pre-progression without adverse events, pre-progression with adverse event, progressive disease, and death. Probabilities of moving between these states (i.e. natural progression plus efficacy and safety of the treatments) were derived from a long-term randomized clinical trial, IFM 99-06 (
RESULTS: The model estimated improvements in health outcomes with MPT with a median time to progression of 25 months vs. 12 months with MP. Estimated median overall survivals were 4.03 years vs. 2.88 years with MP. These results translate to a gain of 0.91 (3.24 vs. 2.32) quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). MPT is associated with higher overall costs (£25,199 per patient) compared with MP (£8,935), over the modeled life-time, leading to an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of £17,847 per QALY and £14,803 per life-year gained. Sensitivity analyses showed that results remained consistent through broad changes in model parameters including the addition of thromboembolic prophylaxis.
CONCLUSIONS: MPT delivers improvements in progression-free and overall survival in a life-limiting orphan disease compared to MP and economic results fall within a range considered cost-effective in Scotland.
Disclosures: Deniz:Celgene Corporation: Consultancy. Facon:Celgene Corporation: Consultancy. Singer:Celgene Corporation: Honoraria. Micallef-Eynaud:Celgene Corporation: Honoraria. Joseph:Celgene Corporation: Consultancy. Shearer:Celgene Corporation: Employment. Caro:Celgene Corporation: Consultancy.