Stabilin-1 and stabilin-2 have been identified as scavenging receptors in sinusoidal capillaries in some tissues, including liver and spleen. They function as endocytic receptors for SPARC and hyaluronan, respectively, and for several other ligands. In the present study, we show by real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry that bone marrow (BM) sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) ubiquitously express stabilin-1 and stabilin-2. To test the ability of BM SECs to function as a scavenging endothelium, we analyzed the uptake of specific scavenger receptor ligands after intravenous injection. Accumulation of TRITC labelled formaldehyde-treated serum albumin (FSA) was observed one hour after the injection in the BM SECs. Injection of unlabelled FSA together with TRITC-FSA reduced the fluorescence in the SECs, indicating that the uptake was due to specific recognition of FSA. Likewise, FITC-conjugated advanced glycation end products (AGEs)-modified BSA accumulated in BM SECs. These two ligands are primarily cleared by the stabilins. These results suggested that bone marrow SECs have a scavenging function. Stabilin-2 has been identified as a major receptor for hyaluronan. Hyaluronan is synthesized by primitive hematopoietic cells and has been shown to influence stem and progenitor (HSPC) functions, including mobilization and homing into BM (
Disclosures: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.