Objective: The study aims to investigate the effect of Tetrandrine (Tetrandrine, Tet) in combination with Droloxifen (Droloxifen, DRL) on the expression of NF-κB(nuclear factor kappaB) of K562 and K562/A02 cell lines and the reversal mechanism of this combination.

Method:

  1. The activation of NF-κB in K562 and K562/A02 cell lines and the effect of Tet,DRL alone or in combination on NF-κB were determined with Immunocytochemistry and Western blotting respectively.

Results:

  1. K562/A02 cells displayed higher level of NF-κB protein expression than their parental K562 cells;

  2. The application of Tet or DRL alone or in combination had no effect on NF-κB expression in K562 cells at 6h and 12h;

  3. Tet and DRL used alone or in combination could significantly down-regulate NF-κB protein expression in nucleaus of K562/A02 cells.

The effect was more significant in combination of Tet and DRL than the application of single drug. This decrease became more significant at 12h than at 6h.

Conclusions:

  1. Activation of NF-κB may be involved in the mechanism of MDR of K562/A02 cell line;

  2. Inhibition of NF-κB activation may be involved in the mechanism of multidrug resistance reversal to K562/A02 line of Tet and DRL.

Disclosure: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.