Human Adenovirus (HAdV) infection/reactivation may cause life-threatening complications in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), the highest risk being observed in pediatric recipients of a T-cell depleted allograft from haploidentical family donor. The effectiveness of pharmacological therapy for HAdV infection is still suboptimal. It has been recently demonstrated that cell therapy may offer a unique opportunity to restore antiviral immune surveillance, leading to clearance of infection and prevention/treatment of disease. However, infusion of HAdV-specific T-cells in the haplo-HSCT cohort poses the concern that GVHD may ensue as a consequence of T-cell transfer. We have conducted scale-up experiments to validate a method of in vitro culture to expand T-cells specific for HAdV, based on stimulation of donor peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with a pool of 5 30-mer peptides derived from HAdV5 hexon protein, for use in recipients of haplo-HSCT (
Disclosure: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.