CMV remains the most common viral infection after AHSCT. NK and T cells provide protection against CMV reactivation. The interaction of inhibitory killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) with target cell HLA class I molecules regulates NK cells and some T cell populations. Donor activating KIR genotype has been suggested to influence CMV reactivation after myeloablative AHSCT (
This finding remained significant on multivariable analysis (p=0.038). No specific activating KIR was found to be associated with CMV reactivation. There were no differences between the groups (5–6 vs. 1–4 activating KIR genes) with regards to patient/donor CMV seropositivity, age, diagnoses, gender, race, number of prior chemotherapy regimens, prior radiation, time from diagnosis to RIC AHSCT, TBI dose, donor to patient gender, CD34+ and CD3+ cell doses. We conclude that donor activating KIR genotype influences CMV reactivation after matched sibling donor T-cell replete RIC AHSCT. These results may guide the selection of donors as well as identify patients who may benefit from closer CMV monitoring and additional strategies to prevent CMV reactivation post transplant.
Disclosure: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.