Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a recently identied novel tumor suppressor protein that inhibits cap-dependent mRNA translation. PDCD4 inhibits tumor promoter incuced carcinogenesis and transformation by suppressing the helicase activity of eIF4A, leading to translational inhibition. Recently we found that PDCD4 is required for all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced granulocytic differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells (Ozpolat&Akar et al, Mol Cancer Res, in press), type of acute myeloid leukemia characterized by a t(15;17) and a differentiation block. Here we investigated the downstream mediators or targets of PDCD4 in leukemia cell differentiation. ATRA is currently used as a first line standard treatment in APL. Recently, we reported that ATRA induces translational suppression through multiple posttranscriptional mechanisms that involve suppression of translation initiation, a rate limiting step of protein synthesis (
Disclosure:Off Label Use: Retinoic acid is available at sigma commercially for research purposes.