Abstract

Interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8), also known as interferon consensus sequence-binding protein (ICSBP), is a transcription factor that expresses in T cells, B cells and macrophages and plays a role in myeloid development. Targeted deletion of IRF8 in mice (IRF8−/−) induced progressive increase in the numbers of granulocytes in various lymphoid organs and development of a syndrome similar to human chronic myelogenous leukemia. In addition to defective development of macrophages and dendritic cells, B cell development was also impaired in IRF8−/− mice. This includes decreased numbers of early B cells, expanded marginal zone (MZ) B cells and diminished follicular (OF) B2 cells. Because abnormal myeloid cells could alter microenvironment required for normal B cell development, we have generated IRF8 conditional knockout mice to specifically investigate the function of IRF8 in B lineage cells. Mice were engineered to have exon 2, encoding the DNA binding domain of IRF8, flanked by loxP sites (designated IRF8f/+). These mice were then crossed with the CD19Cre strain in which the expression of Cre-recombinase is controlled by the endogenous CD19 locus. Homozygous mice (designated (IRF8f/f x Cre)F1) underwent germline excision of IRF8 in CD19+ B lineage cells. As a result, there was no detectable mRNA and protein of IRF8 in their splenic B cells. Flow cytometry analysis revealed expanded MZ B cells and reduced OF B2 cells in the spleen of (IRF8f/f x Cre)F1 mice. Interestingly, the expression level of CD23 on OF B cells was significantly decreased in (IRF8f/f x Cre)F1 mice, indicating that IRF8 is required for maintaining a normal OF phenotype. In the peritoneum of (IRF8f/f x Cre)F1 mice, while the numbers of B1a and B2 cells were slightly decreased, the number of B1b cells was slightly increased. Furthermore, BXH2 mice carrying a mutation (C915T) in the Icsbp1 gene exhibited similar expansion of MZ B cells and low expression of CD23 in OF B cells. Taken together, these analyses indicate that IRF8 is required for development of normal MZ and B2 cells.

This work was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Author notes

Disclosure: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.