After recent reports addressed prognostic factors and outcome in older age AML (
Approximately 50% of patients 70 years of age or older benefit from standard or intensive chemotherapy by complete remission which continues after 1 year in about 50% of responders. The inferior overall survival in the patients of 70+ versus those of 60- < 70 years is mainly explained by more frequent early and hypoplastic death (21% vs 12%) (p=.0016) and death with persistent AML (26% vs 18%) (p=.0145); while death in remission (7% vs 6%), relapse rate (50% vs 53%) and death after relapse (21% vs 26%) did not show this trend. In contrast to the important differences in outcome, established risk factors such as cytogenetic groups, WBC, and early blast clearance show concordance between the two age groups. The even lower LDH may support assumptions of older age AML as a less proliferative disease (Appelbaum et al. Blood 107:3481–5,2006). Thus, the hierarchical risk profiles cannot predict the age related outcome beyond 60 years in patients with de-novo AML.
Disclosure: No relevant conflicts of interest to declare.