• Treatment with the oral CXCR4 antagonist mavorixafor resulted in increased levels of absolute neutrophil and lymphocyte counts vs placebo.

  • Infection frequency, severity, and duration were decreased with mavorixafor treatment vs placebo. Mavorixafor was well tolerated.

We investigated efficacy and safety of mavorixafor, an oral CXCR4 antagonist for participants with Warts, Hypogammaglobulinemia, Infections, and Myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome, a rare immunodeficiency caused by CXCR4 gain-of-function variants. This randomized (1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial enrolled participants aged ≥12 years with WHIM syndrome and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≤400/μL. Participants received once-daily mavorixafor or placebo for 52 weeks. Primary endpoint was time (hours) above ANC threshold ≥500/μL (TATANC; over 24 hours). Secondary endpoints included TAT absolute lymphocyte count ≥1000/μL (TATALC; defined similar to TATANC); absolute changes in white blood cell (WBC), ANC, and ALC from baseline; annualized infection rate; infection duration and total infection score (combined infection number/severity). In 31 participants (mavorixafor, n=14; placebo, n=17), mavorixafor least squares (LS) mean TATANC was 15.0 hours, placebo 2.8 hours (P<0.001). Mavorixafor LS mean TATALC was 15.8 hours, placebo 4.6 hours (P<0.001). Higher absolute WBC, ANC, and ALC levels were seen with mavorixafor than placebo at each timepoint assessed. Annualized infection rates were 60% lower with mavorixafor versus placebo (LS mean 1.7 versus 4.2; nominal P=0.007) and total infection scores were 40% lower (7.4 [95% CI, 1.6-13.2] versus 12.3 [95% CI, 7.2-17.3]). Treatment with mavorixafor reduced infection frequency, severity, duration, and antibiotic use. No discontinuations occurred due to treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs); no related serious TEAEs were observed. Overall, mavorixafor-treated participants showed significant increases in LS mean TATANC and TATALC, reduced infection frequency, severity/duration. Mavorixafor was well tolerated in participants with WHIM syndrome. Trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03995108.-

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