From September 1992 to January 1994, we evaluated the use of the CEPRATE SC stem cell concentrator (CellPro, Inc, Bothell, WA) to select CD34+ cells from the bone marrow (BM) of 25 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in complete remission. This system uses the biotinylated 12.8 IgM MoAb to select CD34+ cells. Cells are retained on an avidin column and detached by agitation. Fifteen patients have been transplanted with the CD34+ purified fraction. The CD34+ purified fraction of the 25 processed BMs contained a median of 0.54% of the original nucleated cells in a volume of 5 to 10 mL. The median concentration of CD34+ cells was 49% (range, 12% to 80%), and the median enrichment of CD34+ cells was 33-fold (range, 9- to 85-fold). This selected CD34+ fraction retained 60% (range, 15% to 95%) of late granulocyte-macrophage colony- forming units (CFU-GM), 55% (range, 12% to 99%) of early CFU-GM, and 31% (range, 2% to 100%) erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) corresponding to median enrichments of 22-fold (range, 1- to 71-fold), 19-fold (range, 2- to 58-fold), and 14-fold (range, 2- to 200-fold), respectively. There was a correlation between immune phenotypes and progenitor cells. In the initial buffy-coat fractions, the percentage of CD34+ cells was correlated to the cloning efficiency of both late CFU-GM (P < .05) and early CFU-GM (P < .001). In the final selected fraction, there was a correlation between the percentage of CD34+/CD33- and the cloning efficiency of early CFU-GM (P < .05) and between the percentage of CD34+/CD33+ and the cloning efficiency of late CFU-GM (P < .05). Lymphoma cells positive for t(14; 18) were found by polymerase chain reaction in 9 of 14 buffy coats tested before CD34+ cell purification. In 8 cases, the CD34(+)-selected fraction was found to be negative, and the CD34- fraction was found to be positive. After cryopreservation, the recoveries of progenitor cells in the CD34(+)- purified fraction were 79% for late CFU-GM, 71% for early CFU-GM, and 73% for BFU-E. The 15 patients transplanted with the concentrated CD34+ fraction received a median dose of 1 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg (range, 0.3 to 2.96) and 10.62 x 10(4) early CFU-GM/kg (range, 0.92 to 25.55). Median days to recovery to 0.5 x 10(9)/L neutrophils and 50 x 10(9)/L platelets were days 15 (range, 10 to 33) and 23 (range, 11 to 68), respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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