Balb/c mice were immunized with human plasmin-generated fibrinogen degradation product Y. Spleen cells were fused with P3X63-Ag8.653 myeloma cells. A clone (Y22) was found that produces monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) with a strong reactivity with human fibrin and only a weak reactivity with fibrinogen in an enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Y22 also reacts with fibrin of rabbits, rats, sheep, and dogs. The antibodies are of the IgG1 kappa-type and appear to be directed against a conformation-dependent epitope in the D-domain of fibrin. Experiments with 99mTc-labeled Y22 in vitro show that Y22 binds rapidly to forming clots. 99mTc-Y22 also binds to preformed plasma clots in a plasma milieu, even in the presence of high concentrations of heparin. Clot localization experiments in rabbits and rats confirm the high fibrin specificity and the potential of 99mTc-Y22 for thrombus imaging in vivo.