Detailed immunotyping was carried out on 21 direct myeloma bone marrow aspirates and eight human myeloma cell lines. Four previously untreated common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA)-positive myeloma patients were identified and six of eight cell lines (75%) were also positive. CALLA positivity, as part of an immature B phenotype, was found to correlate with very aggressive clinical disease: median survival six months v 56 months for the CALLA-negative group.

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