To define further the role of hemin-controlled repressor (HCR) in globin synthesis, we studied its effect on the synthesis of individual globin chains in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate cell-free system. In the presence of HCR there was a marked globin chain imbalance, resulting in a lowered alpha/beta ratio. These findings in vitro may have relevance to certain clinical heme deficiency states in which a similar globin chain imbalance has been observed.

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