• Fitusiran is an investigational siRNA reducing antithrombin expression, that is under clinical evaluation for the treatment of hemophilia

  • Using inducible FX-deficient mice, we demonstrate that fitusiran has the potential to improve hemostasis in FX-deficiency

Factor X (FX)-deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder manifesting a bleeding tendency caused by low FX activity levels. We aimed to explore the use of fitusiran (an investigational siRNA that silences antithrombin expression) to increase thrombin generation and the in vivo hemostatic potential under conditions of FX-deficiency. We therefore developed a novel model of inducible FX-deficiency, generating mice expressing <1% FX activity and antigen (f10low-mice). Compared to control f10WT-mice, f10low-mice had 6- and 4-fold prolonged clotting times in Prothrombin Time- and activated Partial Prothrombin Time-assays, respectively (p<0.001). Thrombin generation was severely reduced, irrespective whether tissue factor or factor XIa was used as initiator. In vivo analysis revealed near-absent thrombus formation in a laser-induced vessel injury-model. Furthermore, in two distinct bleeding models, f10low-mice displayed an increased bleeding tendency compared to f10WT-mice. In the tail-clip assay blood loss was increased from 12±16 microliter to 590±335 microliter (p<0.0001). In the saphenous vein puncture (SVP)-model, the number of clots generated was reduced from 19±5 clots/30 min for f10WT-mice to 2±2 clots/30 min (p<0.0001) for f10low-mice. In both models, bleeding was corrected upon infusion of purified FX. Treatment of f10low-mice with fitusiran (2x10 mg/kg at one-week interval) resulted in 17±6% residual antithrombin activity and increased thrombin generation (4-fold and 2-3-fold increase in endogenous thrombin potential and thrombin peak, respectively). In the SVP-model, the number of clots was increased to 8±6 clots/30 min (p=0.0029). Altogether, we demonstrate that reduction of antithrombin levels is associated with improved hemostatic activity under conditions of FX-deficiency.

This content is only available as a PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview
You do not currently have access to this content.
Sign in via your Institution