Key Points

  • Warfarin anticoagulation variability is generally blamed on food and drug interactions but not on the monitoring test.

  • Replacing PT-INR warfarin monitoring with Fiix-PT stabilized anticoagulation and associated with a 56% reduction in TE.

During warfarin management, prothrombin time (PT) based PT-INR variability is partly due to clinically inconsequential fluctuations of factor (F) VII. The new Fiix-PT and Fiix-normalized ratio (Fiix-NR), unlike PT-INR, is only affected by reduced FII and FX. Starting July 1st 2016 we replaced PT-INR monitoring of warfarin with Fiix-NR in our patients. Using interrupted time series methods, we retrospectively assessed if this affected thromboembolism (TE) and major bleeding (MB) incidence during 12 months prior to and 18 months after the replacement, months 13-18 being predefined as transitional months. The dynamic cohort comprised all our service´s 2,667 maintenance phase warfarin patients managed at any time during the 30 months. Using two-segmented regression, a breakpoint in total TE monthly incidence became evident six months after laboratory monitoring test replacement, followed by 56% reduction in TE incidence (from 2.82% to 1.23% per patient year, P=0.019 by ANOVA). Three-segmented regression found no significant TE incidence trend (slope +0.03) prior to test replacement but during months 13-18 and 19-30 the TE incidence gradually decreased (slope -0.12; R2=0.20;P=0.007). Based on segmented regressions, MB incidence (2.79% ppy) did not differ pre- or post-intervention. Incidence comparison during the 12 month Fiix- and PT-periods confirmed a statistically significant 55-62% reduction in TE. Fiix-monitoring reduced testing, dose adjustments and normalized ratio variability, and prolonged testing intervals and time in range. We conclude that ignoring FVII during Fiix-NR monitoring in real world practice stabilizes the anticoagulant effect of warfarin and associates with major reduction in thromboembolism without increasing bleeding.

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