The prognosis of several lymphoid malignancies has improved through development of novel therapies, combination with traditional chemotherapies, and investigation of appropriate therapeutic sequencing. Toxicities that are arising because of prolonged or multiple sequential therapeutic interventions are becoming increasingly impactful. Among the broad spectrum of complications that patients with lymphoid malignancies may experience, cardiovascular toxicities are significant in terms of morbidity and mortality. The entire cardiovascular system can be affected, but cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and arrhythmias remain of greatest concerns with the use of anthracyclines, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and radiation therapy in patients with lymphoid malignancies. These aspects will be covered in this article within the framework of case-based discussions. Key to the management of cardiovascular complications in patients with lymphoid malignancies is awareness and preparedness across the cancer continuum. Baseline risk stratification helps to direct surveillance and early intervention efforts before, during and after cancer therapy, which are paramount for best possible outcomes. Along these lines, the overall goal is to enable the best possible therapies for lymphoid malignancies without the complications of clinically significant cardiovascular events.

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