We engineered a high-affinity antibody, SR604, which selectively blocks the anticoagulant activity of human APC.
SR604 exhibited prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy in mice with hemophilia A and B expressing human APC.
Rebalance of coagulation and anticoagulation to achieve a hemostatic effect has recently gained attention as an alternative therapeutic strategy for hemophilia. We engineered a humanized chimeric antibody, SR604, based on a previously published murine antibody, HAPC1573, which selectively blocks the anticoagulant activity of human activated protein C (APC). SR604 effectively blocked the anticoagulation activities of APC in human plasma deficient in various coagulation factors in vitro with affinities ∼60 times greater than that of HAPC1573. SR604 exhibited prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy in the tail-bleeding and knee-injury models of hemophilia A and B mice expressing human APC (humanized hemophilic mice). SR604 did not interfere with the cytoprotection and endothelial barrier function of APC, nor were there obvious toxicity effects in humanized hemophilic mice. Pharmacokinetic study showed a high bioavailability (106%) of subcutaneously injected SR604 in cynomolgus monkeys. These results demonstrate that SR604 is expected to be a safe and effective therapeutic and/or prophylactic agent with a prolonged half-life for patients with congenital factor deficiencies including hemophilia A and B.