Transient use of Tpo-RAs for refractory ITP in pregnancy seems relatively safe and effective for mother and fetus.
Management of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) during pregnancy can be challenging because treatment choices are limited. Thrombopoietin receptor agonists (Tpo-RAs), which likely cross the placenta, are not recommended during pregnancy. To better assess the safety and efficacy of off-label use of Tpo-RAs during pregnancy, a multicenter observational and retrospective study was conducted. Results from 15 pregnant women with ITP (pregnancies, n = 17; neonates, n = 18) treated with either eltrombopag (n = 8) or romiplostim (n = 7) during pregnancy, including 2 patients with secondary ITP, were analyzed. Median time of Tpo-RA exposure during pregnancy was 4.4 weeks (range, 1-39 weeks); the indication for starting Tpo-RAs was preparation for delivery in 10 (58%) of 17 pregnancies, whereas 4 had chronic refractory symptomatic ITP and 3 were receiving eltrombopag when pregnancy started. Regarding safety, neither thromboembolic events among mothers nor Tpo-RA–related fetal or neonatal complications were observed, except for 1 case of neonatal thrombocytosis. Response to Tpo-RAs was achieved in 77% of cases, mostly in combination with concomitant ITP therapy (70% of responders). On the basis of these preliminary findings, temporary off-label use of Tpo-RAs for severe and/or refractory ITP during pregnancy seems safe for both mother and neonate and is likely to be helpful, especially before delivery.