Key Points

  • Occurrence of chronic health conditions, not transplant receipt, is related to symptom prevalence in pediatric hematologic malignancy survivors.

Abstract

Patient-reported outcomes among survivors of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are understudied. We compared symptom prevalence, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and risk factors in adult survivors of childhood hematologic malignancies treated with HSCT to those treated with conventional therapy and noncancer controls. Survivors of childhood hematologic malignancies (HSCT N = 112 [70% allogeneic, 30% autologous]; conventionally treated N = 1106) and noncancer controls (N = 242) from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study completed surveys assessing 10 symptom domains and SF-36 HRQOL summary scores. Chronic health conditions (CHCs) were validated by clinical assessment. Multivariable logistic regression reveals that compared with noncancer controls, HSCT survivors endorsed a significantly higher symptom prevalence in sensation (OR = 4.7, 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.6-8.4), motor/movement (OR = 4.3, 95% CI, 1.6-11.0), pulmonary (OR = 4.6, 95% CI, 1.8-11.8), and memory domains (OR = 4.8, 95% CI, 2.5-9.2), and poorer physical HRQOL (OR = 6.9, 95% CI, 2.8-17.0). HSCT and conventionally treated survivors had a similar prevalence of all symptom domains and HRQOL (all P > .05); however, HSCT survivors had a significantly higher cumulative prevalence for specific symptoms: double vision (P = .04), very dry eyes (P < .0001), and trouble seeing when wearing glasses (P < .0001). Occurrence of organ-specific CHCs, instead of transplant receipt, was significantly associated with a higher prevalence of all symptom domains (all P < .05) in adult survivors of childhood cancer, except for pain and anxiety domains. This study found that patient-reported outcomes were equally impaired between HSCT and conventionally treated survivors, but poorer in both groups compared with noncancer controls. Poor patient-reported outcomes in all survivors of childhood hematologic malignancies correlated with the presence of CHCs, whether treated with conventional therapy or HSCT.

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