Upfront bortezomib results in deep and durable hematologic responses in AL amyloidosis.
A stringent dFLC response (<10 mg/L) confers superior outcomes.
Bortezomib is a standard therapy in light-chain amyloidosis (AL), but little is known about response duration. A difference in involved amyloidogenic and uninvolved serum-free light chains (dFLC) < 10 mg/L (low dFLC response) predicts survival in AL patients with low presenting dFLC (20-50 mg/L). We report outcomes in the largest AL cohort treated with upfront bortezomib and explore the impact of posttreatment dFLC < 10 mg/L (“stringent dFLC response”). A total of 915 newly diagnosed AL patients treated with bortezomib and assessed at our center were included. Hematologic responses, 6-month dFLC, organ responses, overall survival (OS), and time-to-next-treatment (TNT) (excluded patients who died without starting second-line treatment) were evaluated. Overall response rate (intent-to-treat) was 65%, with 49% complete response (CR)/very good partial response/low dFLC response and with a stringent dFLC response, dFLC 10-40 mg/L, and dFLC > 40 mg/L was 30%, 22%, and 48%, respectively. Median OS was 72 months. A total of 289 patients died without progressing to second-line treatment. Median TNT was not reached, and 55% had not progressed to further treatment at 7 years. Patients with stringent dFLC responses had significantly better OS and TNT than did those with lesser responses. A total of 72% of CR patients did not progress to further treatment at 3 years compared with 84% with stringent dFLC responses. Cardiac responses were better in those with stringent dFLC responses (61%) compared with lesser responses (45%; P = .005). Upfront bortezomib confers durable hematologic responses. A stringent dFLC response predicts prolonged TNT and impressive organ responses.