Older adults represent the growing majority of patients diagnosed with hematologic disorders, yet they remain underrepresented on clinical trials. Older patients of the same chronologic age differ from one another with varying comorbidity and functional reserve. The concepts of frailty and resilience are important to patient-centered care and are patient and setting specific. The use of geriatric assessment to inform tailored decision making and management can personalize care for older adults with hematologic malignancies. This article will highlight available evidence to support the role of geriatric assessment measures to enhance quality of care for older adults diagnosed with hematologic malignancies.