Key Points

  • SLAMF7highCD16 monocytes increased in the PB of patients with MF in correlation with JAK2V617F mutation.

  • Anti-SLAMF7 antibody suppressed monocyte-derived fibrocyte differentiation and could be a potent therapeutic agent for MF.


Monocyte-derived fibrocytes recently garnered attention because the novel pathogenesis of myelofibrosis (MF), and suppression of fibrocyte differentiation by serum amyloid P remarkably improved MF. We previously revealed that human fibrocytes highly expressed signaling lymphocytic activation molecule F7 (SLAMF7) compared with macrophages and that SLAMF7high monocytes in the peripheral blood (PB) of MF patients were significantly elevated relative to those in healthy controls (HCs). In this study, we evaluated SLAMF7high monocyte percentage in the PB of HCs, myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients with MF, and MPN patients without MF by using a cross-sectional approach. We found that MPN patients with MF who harbored JAK2V617F had a significantly elevated SLAMF7high monocyte percentage, which correlated positively with the JAK2V617F allele burden. In addition, the serum concentration of interleukin-1ra (IL-1ra) was significantly correlated with the SLAMF7high monocyte percentage and JAK2V617F allele burden. These findings suggest that both SLAMF7high monocytes and IL-1ra could be useful noninvasive markers of MF onset. Furthermore, the JAK2V617F allele burden of SLAMF7high monocytes was significantly higher than that of SLAMF7low monocytes and could be a potential target of elotuzumab (Elo), an anti-SLAMF7 antibody used for treating multiple myeloma. Elo independently inhibited differentiation of fibrocytes derived not only from HCs but also from MF patients in vitro. Elo also ameliorated MF and splenomegaly induced by romiplostim administration in humanized NOG mice. In conclusion, an increase of SLAMF7high monocytes with higher JAK2V617F allele burden was associated with the onset of MF in MPN patients harboring JAK2V617F, and Elo could be a therapeutic agent for MPN patients with MF who harbor JAK2V617F.

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